The Parthenon had the richest sculptural decoration among all ancient Greek temples. Through this carved figural work, the Athenians—employing the vocabulary of myth—manifested the leading role of their city to the Greek world. The three essential sculptural groups that adorned this large temple included the metopes, the frieze and the pediments. The sculptures were carved from white Pentelic marble and accentuated with colours and metal attachments, such as bridles, weapons and other detailing. For their creation, Pheidias collaborated with his pupils Agorakritos, Alkamenes, Kolotes, Kresilas and other great artists of the time.
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