One of the six Korai -known as Karyatids- that supported the roof of the south porch of the Erechtheion, instead of columns. The right arm and shoulder as well as part of the right breast of the Kore are missing. Her left arm is broken just above the elbow. Also severely damaged is the edge of the folds falling from the shoulders on her buttocks. The forefeet are also broken, however, the high sandal soles she has on are clearly seen from the side.
The Kore’s left leg is slightly bent and her weight is supported by her right leg which is firmly planted on the ground. This cross movement is shown elegantly with the slight tilt of the right shoulder. She wears a belted peplos which creates a rich overfold. From her shoulders a himation folded in two falls over her back.
The Kore, as we know from ancient copies, would have held once the edge of her himation with one hand and a phiale with the other. Her rich hair, the bulk of which supports the weak area around her neck, are elaborately braided: one thin plait over the forehead and two more plaits from behind the ears are wrapped around the head like a wreath. The main body of the hair divided in two whirling locks, are braided down the back, bound with a band, which leaves the wavy hair edges free. Two further locks of hair, the biggest part of which is broken today, fall over each breast.
The Korai that decorated the south porch of the Erechtheion, stood on a low base (podium) arranged in a Π-shaped layout facing the way to the Acropolis, along which passed the procession of the Panathenaic festival. The vertical folds of their garments resemble column fluting and the peculiar capitals in the shape of baskets on their heads, concentrated the roof's weight and directed it downwards.
Replacing the columns with female statues was a common Greek architectural practice since the Archaic period. These statues are called merely Korai in the building inscriptions of the temple. The term Karyatids has been handed down to us by Vitruvius who tells the story of the women from Karyes in Laconia in the Peloponnese that were punished by the other Greeks and were thus obliged to carry on their heads the weight of their clothes and jewellery as their city had supported the Persians. However, according to Lucian, the woman from Karyes were famous for their dance in honour of the goddess Artemis, which they performed with ceremonial baskets on their heads.
Many interpretations of the Korai have been put forward in modern times: Kekrops' daughters, Arrhephoroi or young women that participate in the Panathenaic procession. The most convincing however is, that they were part of an above-the-ground monument over the grave of the mythical Kekrops, the Kekropeion, which was located directly below. They were the libation bearers that honored the dead hero-king pouring offerings with the phialai that they held in their hands.
Five of the Karyatids, Korai A, B, D, E, and F are in Greece while the sixth, Kore C, is in the British Museum in London, after it was detached in 1804 by Thomas Bruce, lord of Elgin. In 1979 the Korai were removed from the monument so that they would be protected from air pollution and were transferred in the old Acropolis Museum. They were replaced in the Erechtheion by copies m
Betite S, Wurmser H., Eleutheria! Retour à la liberté. Découvrir et transmettre l'Antiquité depuis la Révolution grecque de 1821, Musée des moulages de l'université Lumière Lyon 2 (MuMo), du 18 septembre 2021 au 26 mars 2022, 2021, σελ. 78-83, εικ. 1, 3-4 Homolle, Th., «L'origine des Caryatides», Revue Archéologique Cinquième Série, T. 5, 1917, σελ. 1-67 Paton, J.M., Stevens, G.P., Caskey, L.D., Fowler, H.N., The Erechtheum, Cambridge, 1927, σελ. 232-238, πίν. ΧΧΧVΙΙΙ, ΧΧΧΙΧ Rodenwaldt, G., Hege, W., L' Acropole, Paris, 1930, σελ. 59, εικ. 90-97 Schmidt, E., «Die Kopien der Erechtheionkoren », Antike Plastik 13, 1973 Robertson, M., A History of Greek Art, I-II, Cambridge, 1975, σελ. 346, εικ. 115 Lauter, H., Die Koren des Erechtheion, Antike Plastik 16, 1976, σελ. 19-21, εικ. 12-22 Plommer, H., «Vitruvius and the origin of Caryatids», Journal of Hellenic Studies 99, 1979, σελ. 97-102 Vickers, M., «Persepolis, Vitruvius, and the Erechtheum Caryatids: The Iconography of Medism and Servitude», Revue Archéologique Fasc. 1, 1985, σελ. 3-28 Harrison, E.B., «Greek Sculptured Coiffures and Ritual Haircuts», στο R. Hägg, N. Marinatos, G.C. Nordquist (επιμ.), Early Greek Cult Practice. Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 26-29 June, 1986, Stockholm, 1988, σελ. 253 και υποσημ. 47 Leibundgut, A., «Künstlerische Form und konservative Tendenzen nach Perikles. Ein Stilpluralismus im 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr.?», Trierer Winckelmannsprogramme (1989) 10, 1991, σελ. 39-44 Scholl, A., «Χοηφόροι. Zur Deutung der Korenhalle des Erechtheion», Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 110, 1995, σελ. 180-182 Μπρούσκαρη, Μ., Τα μνημεία της Ακρόπολης, Αθήνα, 1996, σελ. 184-189, εικ. 127-129 Schattner, T., «Architrav und Fries des archaischen Apollontempels von Didyma», Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 111, 1996, σελ. 1-23 Τριάντη, Ι., Το Μουσείο Ακροπόλεως, Ο Κύκλος των Μουσείων, Αθήνα, 1998, σελ. 327-328, 333, εικ. 335 Scholl, A., Die Korenhalle des Erechtheion auf der Akropolis. Koren für den Staat, Frankfurt am Main, 1998, σελ. 15-20, 26-42 King, D.L.V., «Figured Supports: Vitruvius' Caryatids and Atlantes», Numismatica e Antichità Classiche. Quaderni Ticinesi 27, 1998, σελ. 275-305 Mylonas-Shear, I., «Maidens in Greek Architecture: The Origin of the Caryatids», Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 123, 1999, σελ. 65-85 Dillon, M., Girls and women in Classical Greek Religion, London/New York, 2002, σελ. 50-52, εικ. 2.8 Lesk, A.L., A diachronic examination of the Erechtheion and its reception (διδακτορική διατριβή) University of Cincinnati, Ohio, 2004, σελ. 102-108, 262-280, 904 Λεβέντη, Ι., Πόλη σε κρίση, Αθήνα, 2014, σελ. 147-150 Vickers, M., «The Caryatids on the Erechtheum at Athens. Questions of chronology and symbolism», Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica 15 (3), 2014, σελ. 119-133 Schwab, K., Rose, M., «Fishtail Braids and the Caryatid Hairstyling Project: Fashion Today and in Ancient Athens», Catwalk 4, 2015, σελ. 1-13, εικ. 12